Can Bitcoin overtake the dollar?

Investing in cryptocurrencies and digital assets is no longer a niche interest. As we step past the mid-point of 2023, the landscape has evolved, and institutional investors are playing a pivotal role. This article provides a comprehensive guide to the state of crypto in August 2023, focusing on key trends, market dynamics, and investment opportunities.

The Crypto Landscape in 2023: A Transformative Phase

The crypto market in 2023 is not just surviving; it’s thriving. Key factors include:

Liquidity and Central Banks

Greater Transparency

Central banks and financial institutions have played a crucial role in enhancing transparency and liquidity in the crypto market. We now know that crypto is on everyone’s radar and plans are formulating for management of the asset class in addition to making plans for various Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDCs).

Jerome Powell made statements about cryptocurrency several times in 2023. In June 2023, Powell argued for the need for strong central-bank oversight in stablecoin regulations being crafted by lawmakers in the House Financial Services Committee. He also noted that the Fed’s staff has been involved in talks with lawmakers from both parties on the crypto legislation members of the committee have been working on. In March 2023, Powell warned US banks about the risks of getting involved in the digital-asset industry and called for regulations for crypto products that mirror similar ones in traditional finance. In the same month, he said that the Fed and the recently formed Treasury Department interagency working group have not made a decision on whether a CBDC, or digital dollar, is something that the financial system and U.S. citizens want or need.


  • Charles Schwab: They have introduced crypto trading services, allowing more investors to access the market.
  • European Central Bank: The ECB has been actively researching and developing a digital Euro, contributing to the broader acceptance of digital currencies.



  • Anchoring the Financial System: CBDCs like China’s Digital Yuan are providing liquidity. If more central banks cooperate with open-source public blockchains, this could provide a large boost to the crypto ecosystem.


  • Exploration and Launching: Countries like Sweden are actively exploring CBDCs. The primary hope for open and transparent CBDCs is blockchain developers.  Most Central Banks want closed systems that force compliance from users and guide us toward dystopian future. However, the developers will need to build, continuously update and maintain the system Central Banks require. If blockchain developers refuse to assist in building a digital prison, the darker side of CBDCs will not materialize.


  • Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, stated, “A digital euro could be a complement to, not a substitute for, cash; it could provide an alternative to private digital currencies and ensure that consumers continue to have access to a safe form of money.”

Institutional Investors: Shaping the Crypto Industry

Institutional investors are emerging as the new architects of the crypto landscape, playing a pivotal role in shaping the industry’s future.

Institutional Adoption

Venture Capital Involvement

Venture capital funds are actively seeking crypto opportunities, investing in promising startups and blockchain projects.


  • Andreessen Horowitz: Launched a $2.2 billion crypto fund, focusing on decentralized finance (DeFi) and NFT projects.


  • Marc Andreessen, co-founder of Andreessen Horowitz, stated, “We believe that the next wave of computing innovation will be driven by crypto.”

Big Players Entering

Large investment firms are no longer on the sidelines; they are actively participating in the crypto market.

BlackRock Bitcoin ETF


  • Goldman Sachs: Reopened its crypto trading desk and started offering Bitcoin futures, and may expand to London. Goldman Sachs has acknowledged Bitcoin as the best-performing asset in 2023, surpassing Nasdaq 100, gold, S&P 500, and other investment assets and sectors

Investment Approach

Security Focus

Ensuring asset safety is paramount for institutional investors.


  • Custodian Services: Firms like Coinbase Custody provide secure storage solutions for institutional clients.

Risk Management

Calculated decisions are being made to mitigate potential losses.


  • Grayscale Investments: Utilizes several approaches to minimize risk.
  • Diversification: Grayscale offers a range of trusts that track different cryptocurrencies, allowing investors to diversify their holdings across multiple crypto-assets and reduce risk.


  • Elimination of direct ownership: Grayscale Bitcoin Trust allows investors to speculate on bitcoin without having to buy it directly. This eliminates the need to organize safe storage and custody of the digital asset, reducing associated costs and potential security risks.
  • Increased liquidity: Institutional investors can complete large buy orders with minimal slippage compared to centralized crypto exchanges, which often lack sufficient liquidity. This reduces the risk of price fluctuations impacting large transactions.
  • Security measures: Grayscale assures investors that its assets are safeguarded by a robust security system that uses industry-leading security standards. Storing cryptocurrency safely is notoriously challenging, and Grayscale aims to mitigate this risk for its investors.

2022: A Mixed Bag for Crypto Investors

2022 was indeed a rollercoaster year for crypto, marked by both growth and challenges.


Bullish Trends

Contributions from entities like Fidelity Digital Assets fueled growth.

Joining the spot-Bitcoin ETF race: Fidelity has filed with the SEC to launch a spot-Bitcoin ETF, which would allow investors to buy and sell Bitcoin without owning the underlying asset. This move is expected to make crypto more easily accessible to investors and could potentially increase demand for Bitcoin.

Market Expansion

New projects and innovations spurred interest. Blockchain Solutions for Real-World Problems: Investors have shown interest in crypto projects that offer solutions to real-world problems. These projects leverage blockchain technology to address issues such as financial inclusion, supply chain transparency, data privacy, and the killer app Trust. By providing innovative solutions, these projects attract investor attention and have the potential for long-term growth.

Crypto Winter

Bearish Periods

Market downturns were triggered by various factors in 2022, including regulatory concerns.

Platform Failures

Failures like 3 Arrows Capital, Terra Luna, Celcius, and FTX shook investor confidence.


  • Biance: From The Information article titled, Why CZ Wanted To Shutdown Biance.US, “Binance.US CEO Brian Shroder was the lone board member to vote against a shut down, which needed a unanimous decision to liquidate Binance.US—and sale talks with Gemini and sovereign wealth funds fell through, Zhao might just let the company fall on its own”.

Bitcoin vs Ethereum: A Heated Battle

The rivalry between Bitcoin and Ethereum communities is more intense than ever, with both having unique attributes.



Remains the top cryptocurrency by market cap.

Investment Appeal

Unique attributes make it a preferred investment choice. Now, with added Bitcoin Ordinals or NFTs, they protocol is closer in functionality to Ethereum. Bitcoin added smart contract capabilities through its scripting language. The scripting language of Bitcoin enables the execution of digital agreements based on predefined criteria, allowing for the creation of smart contracts, as explained by


  • Michael Saylor, CEO of MicroStrategy, said, “Bitcoin is digital gold. It’s a trillion-dollar digital monetary network.”
  • Eswar Prasad Senior Fellow – Global Economy and Development, “While Bitcoin’s roller-coaster prices garner attention, of far more consequence is the revolution in money and finance it has set off that will ultimately affect every one of us, for better and worse.”

Ethereum (ETH)

DApps Growth

Decentralized applications are flourishing on the Ethereum network. Both on layer 1 and layer 2.


  • Uniswap: A decentralized exchange running on Ethereum, Arbitrum, Polygon, and soon ZKsnark-based layer 2s, facilitating over $1 billion in daily trading volume.

Smart Contracts

Continued innovation in smart contracts strengthens Ethereum’s position, especially since there have been no major chain interruptions since transitioning to Proof of Stake consensus.


  • Vitalik Buterin, co-founder of Ethereum, remarked, “Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud, or third-party interference.”

Key Statistics:

  • Institutional Investment in Crypto: $30 billion (approx.)
  • Bitcoin Market Capitalization: $571 billion (approx.)
  • Ethereum’s Share of Total DApps Market: 80% (approx.)

These trends and figures underline the growing maturity of the crypto market and the increasing interest from traditional financial players. The interplay between institutional investment, market dynamics, and technological innovation will continue to define the trajectory of the crypto industry in the coming years.

Equity and Cryptocurrencies: Converging as a New Asset Class?

The lines between equity and cryptocurrencies are blurring, leading to a convergence that’s reshaping the investment landscape. Coinbase’s low Sharpe ratio and Microstrategy’s success are paving the way for more institutional options.


Investment Parallels

  • Similar Risk and Reward Profiles: Cryptocurrencies are increasingly being compared to traditional equities in terms of risk and potential returns.

Market Behavior

  • Crypto Assets Analyzed Like Stocks: Tools like technical analysis, commonly used for stocks, are now applied to cryptocurrencies.
  • Divergence: Many in the crypto industry preach uncorrelation to traditional risk assets, and 2023 began to show signs of digital assets being uncorrelated tech equities.

Security in Crypto: Protecting Investments

Investment protection remains a top priority in 2023.


Systemic Risks

  • Vulnerability: The digital asset ecosystem is still prone to systemic risks. Particulary for newly founded projects. However, this year, a seasoned and well established project Curve, causing ripple effects throughout the DeFi space including Uniswap.

Hacking Threats

  • Cybersecurity Concerns: High-profile hacks continue to plague the industry. Although overall attacks are down from 2022, the industry continues to suffer from exploits like, Euler’s $197M loss.

With the growth of the crypto market, security has become paramount. Efforts have been made to enhance the security protocols and regulations governing digital assets.


  • Binance: Implemented advanced security measures to protect user funds.
  • Regulatory Bodies: Governments and regulators have introduced new guidelines to ensure the safe and legal use of cryptocurrencies.


  • Hester Peirce, SEC Commissioner, emphasized, “The challenge for regulators is, allow people to innovate but also make sure that we’re paying attention to the fraud and manipulation issues.”


To prevent DeFi hacks, several measures can be taken:

1. Thorough Smart Contract Audits: Conducting comprehensive audits of smart contracts is crucial to identify and fix vulnerabilities before deploying them. This involves reviewing the code, conducting security assessments, and performing penetration testing to identify potential weaknesses.

2. Best Practices for Developers: Developers should follow industry best practices when coding smart contracts. This includes using standardized libraries, avoiding complex or unnecessary code, and implementing secure coding practices to minimize the risk of vulnerabilities.

3. Regular Security Updates: It is important to keep smart contracts and protocols up to date with the latest security patches and updates. This helps address any known vulnerabilities and ensures that the system is protected against new attack vectors.

4. External Security Audits: Engaging third-party security firms to conduct external audits can provide an additional layer of security. These audits can help identify any potential vulnerabilities that may have been missed during internal audits.

5. Education and Awareness: Users should be educated about the risks and best practices in the DeFi space. This includes understanding common attack vectors, practicing good security hygiene (such as using hardware wallets and secure password management), and being cautious of phishing attempts and scams.

6. Multi-Signature Wallets: Implementing multi-signature wallets can add an extra layer of security by requiring multiple parties to authorize transactions. This reduces the risk of a single point of failure and makes it more difficult for hackers to gain unauthorized access to funds.

7. Insurance and Risk Management: DeFi platforms can consider offering insurance coverage to users to protect against potential losses due to hacks or exploits. Additionally, implementing risk management strategies, such as setting limits on the amount of funds that can be deposited or borrowed, can help mitigate the impact of potential attacks.

It is important to note that while these measures can significantly enhance security, no system is completely immune to attacks. Ongoing vigilance, continuous monitoring, and prompt response to any security incidents are essential to maintain security while interacting with DeFi platforms.

Liquidity and Central Banks: Influencing the Market

Central banks are playing a pivotal role in shaping liquidity in the crypto market.

  • “It’s all one bet” theory was echoed throughout the investment world through 2022.
  • Monetary tightening does pull liquidity out of the system.  Fewer dollars means less new money entering the crypto space.
  • Bitcoin was not used as a hedge against inflation this cycle, we will see if investors behave differently on the next inflation wave.



Positive Outcomes

  • Strategic Allocation: Diversification across the genres of crypto is yielding gains.
  • Diversification includes established Layer 1 projects, top 50 Layer 2 projects, Defi, NFTs, Staking Tokens, a small allocation to new projects, and yield-bearing stable coin positions.
Ethereum Layer 2s in comparison.


  • Safe Haven: USDC and other stablecoins are attracting interest. A stablecoin standard is needed for the efficient trading of cryptocurrencies.
  • Tether’s USDT stablecoin has the highest market share among stablecoins, surpassing 54% as of March 2023. 
  • However, USD Coin (USDC) has also gained $3 billion since the Paxos announcement of no longer minting BUSD, and its $44 billion market cap is still lower than at the start of 2023. 
  • In addition, TrueUSD (TUSD) is also a top stablecoin in the crypto market. 

Therefore, the stablecoins that are in the highest competition in the US market are Tether (USDT), USD Coin (USDC), Dai (DAI), Binance USD (BUSD), and TrueUSD (TUSD).

AUM Growth

  • Rise in Assets: Hedge funds are seeing growth in AUM.
  • According to the PwC Global Crypto Hedge Fund Report 2023 highlights a significant surge in the total assets under management (AUM) by crypto hedge funds. The median AUM skyrocketed from $15 million in 2022 to $50 million in 2023.
  • The Iconomi blog also reports substantial growth in AUM for crypto funds from 2018 to 2022, with a significant spike in AUM in July 2023.
  • The Statista report shows that cumulative crypto funds’ AUM worldwide surpassed 20 billion U.S. dollars for the first time in 2020 and reached a peak of 69.7 billion U.S. dollars at the time of the report in 2022.
  • The GARP report states that crypto investment funds reportedly boast a staggering $30.2 billion in total assets under management (AUM), including $19.3 billion worth of Bitcoin and $7 billion in Ethereum.
  • Overall, the trend for AUM for cryptocurrency hedge funds appears to be increasing, with significant growth reported in recent years.

Returns in 2023: Promising Performance

2023 is showing strong bounce-back returns in crypto.


Strategic Success

  • Robust Strategies: Funds like Pantera Capital are thriving through their V.C. early-stage investment strategies.
  • BlackRock’s Announcement: Since the Bitcoin ETF announcement, renewed energy for an investible contract for many Financial Advisors’ clients increased dramatically.

Top Performers

  • Best-Performing Top-20 Crypto Projects from 1 Year: Bitcoin, XRP, Litecoin, and Bitcoin Cash are leading.

Market Analysis

Growth Potential

  • Room for Expansion: Analysts see potential in emerging projects like Aptos, however, established projects such as Polka Dot and Solana are anticipated to have break-out movements soon.

Market Dynamics

  • Understanding Forces: Market sentiment and macroeconomic factors are key. However, no more tragic black-swan events is the most critical factor for continued crypto growth.
  • Asset allocation for top crypto investors 2023:
  • Institutional Investors' Allocation in Cryptocurrency Categories (2023)
  • Categories Breakdown:

    1. Core Cryptocurrencies (40-50%): Established cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH) that offer market stability.
    2. DeFi Platforms (15-20%): Decentralized finance platforms such as Uniswap and Compound.
    3. Stablecoins (10-15%): Cryptocurrencies pegged to fiat currencies, e.g., USDC, Tether (USDT).
    4. Layer 2 Solutions (10-15%): Scalability solutions like Polygon and Lightning Network.
    5. Regulated Security Tokens (5-10%): Tokens complying with regulations, such as tZERO and Polymath.
    6. Blockchain Infrastructure (5-10%): Investments in technology and companies like Chainlink and Binance Smart Chain.
    7. Cross-Chain Technologies (5-10%): Technologies like Polkadot and Cosmos that enable interoperability between blockchains.

The Future of Tokenization: Bridging Real-World Assets and Crypto

Tokenization is revolutionizing investment in real-world assets.


New Platforms

  • Enabling Tokenized Investing: Platforms like Tokeny are leading. A comprehensive list from are available here.

Technology Advancement

  • Blockchain and Smart Contracts: These technologies are at the core of tokenization. Besides these two fundamental elements, other needs include the following:
  • Token Standards: Token standards, such as ERC-20 (Ethereum) or SPL (Solana), provide a set of rules and functionalities for creating and managing tokens on the blockchain. These standards define the properties and behaviors of the tokens, including transferability, divisibility, and governance.
  • Compliance and Regulatory Frameworks: Tokenizing real-world assets often involves compliance with regulatory requirements, such as Know Your Customer (KYC) and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) regulations. Compliance solutions and frameworks need to be integrated into the tokenization process to ensure legal compliance.
  • Asset Digitization Platforms: Asset tokenization platforms or Tokenization as a Service (TaaS) providers offer the infrastructure and tools for converting real-world assets into digital tokens. These platforms handle the technical aspects of token creation, issuance, and management.
  • Interoperability: Interoperability between different blockchain networks and protocols is crucial for the seamless transfer and exchange of tokenized assets. Cross-chain solutions and interoperability protocols enable the movement of tokens across different blockchain ecosystems.


  • Tim Draper, a renowned venture capitalist, said, “Tokenization is just the beginning. It’s going to move much of the world’s wealth onto the blockchain.”

Regulatory Landscape

  • Moving in the Right Direction: Regulatory clarity is evolving.
    1. European Union (EU): The EU adopted the Markets in Crypto-Assets (MiCA) regulations, which provide clear rules for the cryptocurrency industry and require crypto service providers to detect and prevent illicit cryptocurrency uses.
    2. Ukraine: Ukraine announced its adoption of the MiCA regulations, signaling its commitment to creating a regulatory framework for the cryptocurrency industry.
    3. South Korea: South Korea has made progress with its proposed regulations for the cryptocurrency industry, aiming to provide clear rules and guidelines for crypto firms operating in the country.
    4. Hong Kong: Hong Kong has seen positive regulatory developments in the crypto space, attracting capital, talent, and jobs. The regulatory environment in Hong Kong has been more favorable compared to the United States.
    5. Japan: Japan has been known for its crypto-friendly regulations, which have attracted investment and fostered innovation in the cryptocurrency industry.
    6. United Arab Emirates (UAE): The UAE has also seen positive regulatory developments in the crypto space, creating an environment that attracts capital and talent.
    7. United States: While the United States has been slower in providing clear regulations for the cryptocurrency industry, the Biden administration clarified crypto use and regulation in 2022, only paving the way for the digital dollar or CBDC..
    8. Russia: Russia has been exploring regulations for the cryptocurrency industry, although there are reports of a somewhat hostile stance towards cryptocurrencies.
    9. African countries: Several African nations, including Nigeria, Kenya, and South Africa, have been actively regulating the cryptocurrency industry in the past five years. These countries have taken different regulatory stances, ranging from embracing cryptocurrencies to imposing restrictions.
  • These examples highlight the diverse approaches taken by different countries to regulate the cryptocurrency industry in 2023. While some countries have provided clear rules and regulations, others are still in the process of developing their regulatory frameworks. Overall, these regulatory developments are moving us towards a safer and more transparent environment for the mainstream adoption of cryptocurrencies.
  • Supportive Laws: Efforts are underway to create laws that foster growth in tokenization. However, within the United States of America, we may need to wait for the next election cycle before having a chance for more just laws and regulations to be enacted.

AI in Cryptocurrency Investing: A New Horizon in 2023

Investment strategies within the cryptocurrency market are evolving with the integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI).


Predictive Analysis

Vulnerability: AI-based predictive models can be sensitive to market noise and misinformation. Proper tuning and validation are required to ensure accuracy.

Automation Risks

Cybersecurity Concerns: Automated trading bots powered by AI can be targets for hacking, leading to financial loss.

With the advent of AI in the crypto space, it’s essential to leverage the technology wisely to enhance investment opportunities.


Robo-Advisors: Many platforms like Wealthfront and Betterment are implementing AI-powered robo-advisors to provide personalized investment advice in crypto.

Sentiment Analysis Tools: AI-driven sentiment analysis tools like LunarCrush are providing insights into market sentiments for better investment decisions.


Vitalik Buterin, Ethereum Co-founder, emphasized, “AI can revolutionize crypto trading, but it’s important to approach it with caution and understanding.”


Algorithmic Trading

AI enables the creation of sophisticated trading algorithms that can execute high-frequency trades with precision.

Risk Management

AI-powered risk management tools can analyze vast amounts of data to identify potential threats and safeguard investments.

Portfolio Optimization

Through machine learning, AI can optimize portfolios based on individual risk tolerance and investment goals.

Table: AI Impact on Crypto Investing

Impact Area Description
Predictive Analysis Enhances forecasting and market trend prediction
Algorithmic Trading Enables precise high-frequency trades
Risk Management Provides robust protection against potential threats
Portfolio Optimization Tailors investment strategies to individual needs


The convergence of equity and cryptocurrencies, security measures, central banks’ influence, hedge fund insights, promising returns, and the future of tokenization are shaping the crypto landscape in 2023. These trends reflect the maturing of the crypto market and the integration of digital assets into the broader financial ecosystem.

Key Statistics:

  • Global Crypto Market Cap: $1.2 trillion (approx.)
  • Number of CBDCs in Development: 60+ countries
  • Crypto Hedge Fund AUM: $4.1 billion (approx.), all-time high of $69.7 billion in Q4, 2021.

These developments signal a transformative phase in the world of finance, where traditional and digital assets coalesce, guided by innovation, regulation, and strategic investment. The future holds exciting possibilities as these trends continue to evolve.


  • Institutional Investors: Shaping the crypto landscape.
  • Key Themes: Security, liquidity, and tokenization.
  • Prominent Cryptocurrencies: Bitcoin and Ethereum.
  • Valuable Insights: PwC 2023 Global crypto hedge fund report.
  • Promising Returns: 2023 is witnessing growth in crypto assets.
  • Evolving Landscape: Regulation, innovation, and investment approaches.

This guide offers a holistic view of the market trends and investment opportunities in 2023. From institutional participation to individual cryptocurrencies, it serves as an essential roadmap for both seasoned investors and newcomers looking to invest or stay updated with the latest developments in digital asset investment.

Table: Bitcoin vs Ethereum





Largest crypto

Strong growth in dApps

Unique Attributes

Investment attributes

Smart contracts


Continued dominance

Heating up competition

Unlocking liquidity and understanding the dynamics of crypto investment in 2023 has never been more crucial. With insights drawn from global trends, this article serves as a comprehensive guide to the ever-evolving world of digital assets. Whether you’re an investor or a crypto enthusiast, the future of digital asset investment awaits.

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